In America, perhaps only Walt Whitman is her equal in legend and in degree of influence. Dickinson, the famous recluse dressed in white, secretly produced an enormous canon of poetry while locked in her room and refusing visitor after visitor.
With the exception of a few visits to Boston, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.
From toshe lived with her family in a house on North Pleasant Street, after which they Dickinson notes to the Homestead. She never married, and she lived in comfortable dependence on her well-to-do father and his estate, though she did more than her share of household chores while creating a large body of poems and letters.
Amherst, a farm-based community, grew in her lifetime from about 2, to about 4, inhabitants. Though somewhat isolated, Amherst had a good private academy, a rich but mixed cultural tradition of reading the Bible, Shakespeare, and the classics; and, as the nineteenth century progressed, contemporary American authors and a large amount of popular and sentimental literature became current there.
Social life was confined largely to church affairs, college receptions, agricultural shows, and such private socializing as walking, carriage riding, and discussing books. Newspapers and magazines from Springfield and Boston brought current literature and opinion, serious and ephemeral, to the more literate.
The Dickinson clan were old Yankee stock, tolerant of such religious dissidence as Unitarianism and Roman Catholicism, but deeply rooted in the orthodox Protestant tradition as Dickinson notes lived on in their own Congregational church and the Presbyterian churchstill actively Calvinistic and requiring public profession of faith for membership.
She spent four years at a primary school and then attended Amherst Academy from tosomewhat irregularly because of poor health. She wrote imaginatively for school publications but none of Dickinson notes writings survive. Her intense letters to friends and classmates show a variety of tones, especially in her reluctance to embrace Christ and join the church and in her anticipations and fears about the prospect of a married life.
The world, as she understood the idea, was more dear to her than the renunciations which conversion seemed to require, and quite possibly she sensed something false or soft-minded in the professions of others.
In a period of rigorous living conditions, without the benefits of modern medicine, life spans were shorter than ours, and Dickinson suffered the early deaths of many acquaintances and dear friends.
She witnessed several deaths, doubtlessly impressed and shocked by the Puritan doctrine that looked for signs of election and salvation in the demeanor of the dying and especially in their willingness to die.
Newton, a Unitarian and something of an Emersonian, discussed literature, ideas, and religion with her, and praised her early poetic efforts. Dickinson evidently felt a warm, sisterly affection for him, and on learning of his death, she worried about the state and future of his soul.
It was a kind of worry which she would continue to experience throughout the rest of her life about the many people whom she cared for. Romantic inclinations towards Humphrey and Newton seem extremely unlikely for Dickinson, but these men are probably related to the descriptions of several losses in her early poems.
In the fall ofDickinson began the first of a two-year program at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, where she did not yield to continued pressures to give up the secular world for Christ and join the church. A good student and fond of her classmates and teachers, she suffered homesickness and poor health, and she did not return for the second year.
A man of unbending demeanor and rectitude, he appears to have had a softer side that he struggled to conceal. It came out in incidents of pleasure in nature, kindliness to people, and the embarrassed desire for more intimacy with his children than he ever allowed himself.
He joined the church at the age of fifty. Dickinson expressed her distress over his death in many poems and letters. In some sense, she may have lived in his shadow, but she went her own way and saw him with a critical as well as with a tender eye.
He probably appears in some of her poems about deprivation and about explosive behavior. It is unlikely that he made any explicit attempts to keep either of his daughters from marrying, although he probably did communicate a sense of his need for their presence and support.
She seems to have been dignified, conventional, reasonably intelligent, and probably subservient to her husband. Higginson, her chief literary correspondent, that she "never had a mother" is poetically exaggerated.
Lavinia was a vivacious, pretty, and clever girl, but not particularly intellectual, although she had a reputation for having a sharp tongue.
More imaginative and intellectual than his father, Austin had an artistic side and was interested in new ideas.
The marriage was unhappy, and its increasing tensions were probably visible to those in the house across the street. They shared books, ideas, and friends.
|Notes and Notebooks | Dickinson College||Throughout her life, she seldom left her home and visitors were few. The people with whom she did come in contact, however, had an enormous impact on her poetry.|
|Poems by Emily Dickinson | Academy of American Poets||With the exception of a few visits to Boston, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.|
|Use of a Smart Pen for Note-Taking | Note-Taking Accommodations | Dickinson College||Key[ edit ] Rows A row in the table below is defined as any set of lines that is categorized either by Johnson or by Franklin —or, in the vast majority of cases, by both—as a poem written by Emily Dickinson. Johnson recognizes poems, and Franklin ; however each, in a handful of cases, categorizes as multiple poems lines which the other categorizes as a single poem.|
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After a stormy courtship, Susan married Austin in A woman of attractiveness, intelligence, powerful social demeanor, and a stinging tongue, Susan became the social leader of Amherst. During the s, Dickinson made the most of her few travels outside Amherst, visiting Boston, Washington, and Philadelphia, but she was becoming more reclusive; she stopped attending church services she had been a keen observer and often sarcastic commentator on sermonsand she spent much of her time writing poems.Dickinson Gators Football.
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Press alt + / to open this menu. Notes. Dickinson Gators Football. Sp S on S so S red S. Dickinson, North Dakota, gateway to Theodore Roosevelt National Park and home to Dickinson State University, is a home rule city that services a population of 25,, Dickinson is centrally located in southwestern North Dakota, the midpoint between Fargo, North Dakota and Billings, Montana.
Notes were chosen and edited, for the initial release, by Christopher Francese and Brendan Boston (Dickinson '10). In JoAnne Miller chose, transcribed, and edited the notes for Book Analysis. Emily Dickinson is such a unique poet that it is very difficult to place her in any single tradition—she seems to come from everywhere and nowhere at once.
The Game: Johns Hopkins (, Centennial) returns home after two straight games on the road and welcomes Dickinson (, CC) to Homewood Field for another Centennial Conference tilt.
A Look Back: Johns Hopkins bounced back from its first loss of the season as the Blue Jays went to Moravian. The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets.
For over three generations, the Academy has connected millions of people to great poetry through programs such as National Poetry.