It uses scientific methods for modifying the products, improving qualities of animals and plants as well as other products created from microorganisms.
Biotechnology Biotechnology is a set of techniques by which human beings modify living things or use them as tools. In its modern form, biotechnology uses the techniques of molecular biology to understand and manipulate the basic building blocks of living things.
The earliest biotechnology, however, was the selective breeding of plants and animals to improve their food value. This was followed in time by the use of yeast to make bread, wine, and beer. These early forms of biotechnology began about ten thousand years ago and lie at the basis of human cultural evolution from small bands of hunter-gatherers to large, settled communities, cities, and nations, giving rise, in turn, to writing and other technologies.
It is doubtful that, at the outset, the first biotechnologists understood the effects of their actions, and so the reason for their persistence in pursuing, for example, selective breeding over the hundreds of generations necessary to show much advantage in food value, remains something of a mystery.
The world's historic religions emerged within the context of agriculture and primitive biotechnology, and as one might expect they are at home in that context, for instance through their affirmation of agricultural festivals. In addition, Christianity took the view that nature itself has a history, according to which, nature originally was a perfectly ordered garden, but as a result of human refusal to live within limits, nature was cursed or disordered by its creator.
The curse makes nature at once historic, disordered, both friendly and hostile to human life, and open to improvement through human work.
These effects fall especially on human agriculture and childbirth, both of which are focal areas of biotechnology. By the time of Charles Darwin —plant and animal breeders were deliberate and highly successful in applying techniques of selective breeding to achieve specific, intended results.
Darwin's theory of evolution is built in part on his observation of the ability of animal breeders to modify species. The work of human breeders helped Darwin see that species are variable, dynamic, and subject to change. Inspired by the success of intentional selective breeding, Darwin proposed his theory of natural selectionby which nature unintentionally acts something like a human breeder.
Nature, however, uses environmental selection, which favors certain individuals over others in breeding. The theory of natural selectionof course, led to a profound shift in human consciousness about the fluidity of life, which in turn fueled modern biotechnology and its view that life may be improved.
While Christianity struggled with other implications of Darwinism, it did not object to the prospect that human beings can modify nature, perhaps even human nature.
The emergence of modern biotechnology In the twentieth century, as biologists refined Darwin's proposal and explored its relationship to genetics, plant breeders such as Luther Burbank — and Norman Borlaug — took selective breeding to new levels of success, significantly increasing the quality and quantity of basic food crops.
But it was the late twentieth-century breakthroughs in molecular biology and genetic engineering that established the technological basis for modern biotechnology. The discovery that units of hereditary information, or genes, reside in cells in a long molecule called deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA led to an understanding of the structure of DNA and the technology to manipulate it.
Biotechnology is no longer limited to the genes found in nature or to those that could be moved within a species by breeding.
Bioengineers can move genes from one species to another, from bacteria to human beings, and they can modify them within organisms. Within two decades, this discovery opened the pathway to the knowledge of the socalled genetic alphabet or code of chemical bases that carry genetic information, an understanding of the relationship between that code and the proteins that result from it, and the ability to modify these structures and processes genetic engineering.Biotechnology Biotechnology is a set of techniques by which human beings modify living things or use them as tools.
In its modern form, biotechnology uses the techniques of molecular biology  to understand and manipulate the basic building blocks of living things. Industrial Biotechnology helps the environmental benefits and it also helps in improving the performance of the industry and a value add to its products too.
Industrial biotechnology has proved to be the most contributing, innovative and promising approaches towards the industrial growth and it has helped in lowering greenhouse gas emissions.
BIOTECHNOLOGY IN IMPROVING NUTRITIONAL QUALITIES OF CROPS Biofortiﬁcation of food crops Biofortiﬁcation of food crops makes sense as part of an integrated food-systems approach to reducing malnutrition.
It addresses the root causes of micronutrient deﬁciencies, targets the poorest people, and is scientiﬁcally feasible and cost-effective. Improving Nutrition &PhysicalActivity QualityinDe lawareChildCare Manyfoodscanbechokinghazards forchildrenunderfouryearsofage.
Pleasebesuretocut,steamormashthemasappropriate. Genetically modified foods or GM foods, also known as genetically engineered foods, bioengineered foods, genetically modified organisms, Genetically engineered organisms are generated and tested in the laboratory for desired qualities.
The most common modification is to add one or more genes to an organism's genome. Sign-up to receive email updates with latest news, publications, research results, events, and policy seminars.