Number of Individuals with Internet Access: The nation remains unsettled and its constitution is not enforced in all regions equally. This has led to confusion, frustration, and violence resulting in numerous deaths in the late s and early s. Reports of deaths from Islamic fundamentalists are commonplace in media reports particularly in the northern states of Nigeria.
Ethnic division[ edit ] The civil war can be connected to the British colonial amalgamation in of Northern and Southern Nigeria. Intended for better administration due to the close proximity of these protectorates, the change did not account for the great difference in the cultures and religions of the peoples in each area.
After the amalgamation, oil was discovered in Eastern Nigeria now Southern Nigeria. Competition for its associated wealth led to the struggle for control amongst the regions.
As southern Nigeria was not as united as the north, it was disadvantaged in the power struggle. Yakubu Gowon emerged as the head of state. During his tenure, killing of Easterners in the north continued; several retaliatory actions took place, eventually resulting in the Biafran war.
InNigeria had a population of 60 million people, made up of more than differing ethnic and cultural groups. More than fifty years earlier, the United Kingdom had carved an area out of West Africa containing hundreds of different ethnic groups and unified it, calling it Nigeria.
Although these groups have their own homelands, by the s, the people were dispersed across Nigeria, with all three ethnic groups represented substantially in major cities.
When the war broke out inthere were still 5, Igbos in Lagos. This Sultan was regarded as the source of all political power and religious authority. The Yoruba political system in the southwest, like that of the Hausa-Fulani, also consisted of a series of monarchs, the Oba.
The Yoruba monarchs, however, were less autocratic than those in the North. The political and social system of the Yoruba accordingly allowed for greater upward mobilitybased on acquired rather than inherited wealth and title.
In contrast to the two other groups, the Igbo in the southeast lived mostly in autonomous, democratically organised communities, although there were eze or monarchs in many of the ancient cities, such as the Kingdom of Nri. In its zenith the Kingdom controlled most of Igbo land, including influence on the Anioma peopleArochukwu which controlled slavery in Igboand Onitsha land.
Unlike the other two regions, decisions within the Igbo communities were made by a general assembly in which men and women participated.
The Hausa-Fulani commoners, having contact with the political system only through a village head designated by the Emir or one of his subordinates, did not view political leaders as amenable to influence.
Political decisions were to be submitted to. As with all other authoritarian religious and political systems, leadership positions were given to persons willing to be subservient and loyal to superiors.
A chief function of this political system in this context was to maintain conservative values, which caused many Hausa-Fulani to view economic and social innovation as subversive or sacrilegious. In contrast to the Hausa-Fulani, the Igbo often participated directly in the decisions which affected their lives.
They had a lively awareness of the political system and regarded it as an instrument for achieving their personal goals. Status was acquired through the ability to arbitrate disputes that might arise in the village, and through acquiring rather than inheriting wealth.
These tradition-derived differences were perpetuated and perhaps enhanced by the British system of colonial rule in Nigeria. In the North, the British found it convenient to rule indirectly through the Emirs, thus perpetuating rather than changing the indigenous authoritarian political system.
Christian missionaries were excluded from the North, and the area thus remained virtually closed to European cultural imperialism. By contrast the richest of the Igbo often sent their sons to British universities, thinking to prepare them to work with the British.
During the ensuing years, the Northern Emirs maintained their traditional political and religious institutions, while reinforcing their social structure. At the time of independence inthe North was by far the most underdeveloped area in Nigeria. The West also enjoyed a much higher literacy level, as it was the first part of the country to have contact with western education, and established a free primary education program under the pre-independence Western Regional Government.
Consequently, the Yoruba were the first group in Nigeria to adopt Western bureaucratic social norms.Prevalence and determinants of common perinatal mental disorders in women in low- and lower-middle-income countries: a systematic review Jane Fisher a, Meena Cabral de Mello b, Vikram Patel c, Atif Rahman d, Thach Tran e, Sara Holton a & Wendy Holmes f.
Get the latest international news and world events from Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and more. See world news photos and videos at feelthefish.com The Nigerian Civil War, commonly known as the Biafran War (6 July – 15 January ), was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the secessionist state of feelthefish.com represented nationalist aspirations of the Igbo people, whose leadership felt they could no longer coexist with the Northern-dominated federal feelthefish.com conflict resulted from political, economic, ethnic.
Since there are tons and tons of nonprofits finding a volunteer opportunity is pretty easy to do. The issue is finding an opportunity that fits your needs and interests. Attitude and Group Conflicts: the Nigerian Experience.
E - Attitude and Group Conflicts: the Nigerian Experience introduction. B. MAMMAN DEPARTMENT OF RESEARCH AND POLICY ANALYSIS INSTITUTE FOR PEACE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION (IPCR), ABUJA Being a Presentation at the Institute’s In-House Seminar 22ND, July ABSTRACT Attitudes are our beliefs and feelings about .
|Leave a Comment||In that massacre, Christian attackers killed Muslims.|
|Culture of Nigeria - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family||It has been known to bring about all manner of outcomes from food shortages to prosperity; economic recessions to gender equality.|
|Recent Publication||Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in|
As predicted, the USAF fighter-pilot egomaniac bureaucracy miss-led by the "Schwartz" screwed over the American Soldier by first LYING that it would fly ALL the CJ Spartan transports capable of resupply small FOBs so as to get them out of Army aviator hands, then RETIRE all of them--just like they lied and pulled the exact same stunt with the CV-2 Caribou in the 60s/70s.