History of British newspapers Title page of Carolus' Relation fromthe earliest newspaper The emergence of the new media in the 17th century has to be seen in close connection with the spread of the printing press from which the publishing press derives its name. Amsterdama center of world trade, quickly became home to newspapers in many languages, often before they were published in their own country. Post- och Inrikes Tidningar founded as Ordinari Post Tijdender was first published in Sweden inand is the oldest newspaper still in existence, though it now publishes solely online. It was forced to merge with the newspaper Haarlems Dagblad in when Germany occupied the Netherlands.
Continue to article content How did big media miss the Donald Trump swell? News organizations old and new, large and small, print and online, broadcast and cable assigned phalanxes of reporters armed with the most sophisticated polling data and analysis to cover the presidential campaign.
What went so wrong? The media, in this view, was guilty not just of confirmation bias but of complicity. But the knowing-bias charge never added up: No news organization ignored the Clinton emails story, and everybody feasted on the damaging John Podesta email cache that WikiLeaks served up buffet-style.
Just after the election, presidential strategist Steve Bannon savaged the press on the same point but with a heartier vocabulary. Counties that voted for Donald Trump in are in red, and Hillary Clinton counties are in blue, with darker colors signifying higher vote margins.
The bubbles represent the counties with the most newspaper and internet publishing jobs. Not only do most of the bubbles fall in blue counties, chiefly on the coasts, but an outright majority of the jobs are in the deepest-blue counties, where Clinton won by 30 points or more.
Illustration by DataPoint; data reporting by Tucker Doherty But journalistic groupthink is a symptom, not a cause. Where do journalists work, and how much has that changed in recent years? To determine this, my colleague Tucker Doherty excavated labor statistics and cross-referenced them against voting patterns and Census data to figure out just what the American media landscape looks like, and how much it has changed.
The results read like a revelation. And the bubble is growing more extreme. Concentrated heavily along the coasts, the bubble is both geographic and political. Parts of the media have always had their own bubbles. The national magazine industry has been concentrated in New York for generations, and the copy produced reflects an Eastern sensibility.
But they were more than balanced out by the number of newspaper jobs in big cities, midsized cities and smaller towns throughout the country, spreading journalists everywhere.
The newspaper industry has jettisoned hundreds of thousands of jobs, due to falling advertising revenues. Dailies have shrunk sections, pages and features; some have retreated from daily publication; hundreds have closed. Daily and weekly newspaper publishers employed aboutreporters, clerks, salespeople, designers and the like inaccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
By Januarythat workforce had more than halved toThose losses were felt in almost every region of the country. Graphic by Tucker Doherty As newspapers have dwindled, internet publishers have added employees at a bracing clip.
Since Januaryinternet publishing has grown from 77, jobs toin January For the first time, the number of workers in internet publishing exceeded the number of their newspaper brethren. Internet publishers are now adding workers at nearly twice the rate newspaper publishers are losing them.
Where newspaper jobs are spread nationwide, internet jobs are not: Today, 73 percent of all internet publishing jobs are concentrated in either the Boston-New York-Washington-Richmond corridor or the West Coast crescent that runs from Seattle to San Diego and on to Phoenix.
The Chicagoland area, a traditional media center, captures 5 percent of the jobs, with a paltry 22 percent going to the rest of the country.
And almost all the real growth of internet publishing is happening outside the heartland, in just a few urban counties, all places that voted for Clinton.
What caused the majority of national media jobs to concentrate on the coasts? An alignment of the stars?May 13, · A toolbox for analysing political texts.
Discourse analysis is a useful tool for studying the political meanings that inform written and spoken text. In other posts, I have provided a quick video introduction to the topic, and have discussed the ideas behind discourse theory, the main questions that students and researchers will likely ask as they set up their discourse analysis project, and.
Political Science/LSJ/JSIS Writing Center Gowen ; Phone: Writing Critical Analysis Papers1 A critical analysis paper asks the writer to make an argument about a particular book, essay, movie, etc.
The goal is two fold: one, identify and explain the argument that the author is making, and two, Can you identify a bias in the.
Jan 28, · Like government agencies and political parties, the character and quality of the press matters enormously to the health of public discourse and, . The Midterm Elections are fast approaching.
ABC News brings you in-depth coverage and breaking political news, as voters determine the Senate and House of Representatives. Informed, Nuanced Analysis on Libya. Libya-Analysis® is a one-of-a-kind consultancy organisation with years of experience producing evidence-based analysis, forecasting and research on feelthefish.com help our clients make sense of the latest political, economic, commercial and security developments in Libya and provide both background information and real time insights into the complex dynamics.
David Deacon receives funding from the ESRC, the Electoral Commission, The British Academy/ Leverhulme Trust for political communication analysis, including media analysis of electoral and.